18 months – age 3

Los Chiquitos (ages 18 months – 2 years) &
Los Pollywogs (3 years)

Our youngest students are split into two groups (Los Chiquitos and Los Pollywogs) based on age and development.

Language Arts

Our school and classrooms provide a literacy-rich environment. We place books around the classroom, in every area of the curriculum. Books are displayed that represent the letter or sound of the week, current units of study in science and social studies, and even just general reading fun. We demonstrate the proper way to hold a book and to turn the pages so that children learn to respect books. We read them at circle time to introduce stories to children and allow them to independently look through them after circle. We create comfortable reading areas in the classroom and outside, with child-sized furniture, cushions and pillows, or even special reading rugs. We provide activities which help to develop visual discrimination, pre-reading activities that help children develop abilities required in decoding written language and comprehending stories. Visual discrimination skills allow children to distinguish between different letters, then different words. We play games as a group and set up activities on the shelf or in a center for individual practice.

Language Arts Learning Outcomes:

  • Listens to others
  • Communicates intentions
  • Shows curiosity towards letters and words
  • Attempts writing strokes up and around
  • Carries out oral instructions
  • Listens attentively
  • Uses language to satisfy personal needs
  • Recognizes name in print

Mathematics

Cooking presents a wide range of opportunities to promote mathematical thinking including measuring, weighing, counting, and estimating. Cooking also provides ample opportunity to use mathematical terms through casual conversation. “We are going to need two eggs.” or “The recipe tells us we need to measure out one cup of milk!” The greater role children can take in the cooking process, the more they will be able to put into practice basic mathematical thinking and skills.

Patterns are all around us and it doesn’t take long for young children to begin to recognize patterns in their everyday world. We use classroom manipulatives like interlocking cubes or beads to build our patterning skills as well as other everyday materials like crayons, shape blocks, cars, and paper. There are shapes everywhere in our real world. Learning to recognize and identify simple shapes that are in our world then having the opportunity to manipulate those shapes helps us to understand the structure and design of our world. We work together in large groups to count objects. And we work individually to count objects. estimating. The more often the children take a guess at “how many” items are in a pile, jar, or basket then actually follow up with counting the items – they begin to get a feel for the estimating process. The estimated numbers gradually become more closely aligned with the actual numbers. We sort just about everything in our classroom. We sort by color, texture, size, and category. Part of building strong math skills is developing the ability to sort and organize materials so they can be easily counted, categorized, divided, and added. Sorting promotes children’s ability to organize the items in their world so they make sense and are manageable.

Mathematics Learning Outcomes:

  • Explores problem solving methods
  • Identifies a circle, square, and triangle
  • Sorts and matches by one attribute
  • Compares two objects in relations to size
  • Shape recognition
  • Rote counts
  • Explores one-to-one correspondence
  • Recognizes numerals

Science

Through hands on experiences and the five senses toddlers begin to understand the world around us. Children are encourage to play with sand, water, paints, playdough, help mix and pour. All of these scientific activities help toddlers gain an understanding of the most basic scientific concepts, such as gravity, life cycles, cause and change. We encourage prediction and using the senses to explore the world around and begin to build on their knowledge of science through hands on learning.

Science Learning Outcomes:

  • Identifies colors
  • Predicts outcomes
  • Explores materials using the five senses
  • Knows basic weather phenomenon
  • Uses senses to collect information
  • Identifies different animals and their sounds
  • Demonstrates curiosity about the world

Social Studies

Children are born as social beings. As babies, they are introduced to friends and passed to family members of elder generations. As they grow, they start to understand their connection to their families, communities and eventually society as a whole. As educators we want to encourage our children to make investigations about themselves and the world around them. Social studies skills help children with problem-solving, as well as coping with social and emotional issues.

Social Studies Learning Outcomes:

  • Knowledge of self and immediate family
  • Recognizes similarities and differences within our environment
  • Identifies familiar landmarks
  • Has a basic understanding of our school community
  • Initiates appropriate interaction with others
  • Understands reasons for rules
  • Demonstrates use of manners

Art

Our art curriculum promotes skills and growth across all developmental domains, including cognitive, social, emotional, and physical domains. We understand the benefits of art and design and implement an age appropriate art curriculum. Each individual child is encouraged to approach art activities according to his or her own needs and interests (which tend to evolve rapidly during the early years). In the early childhood environment, we place emphasis on the process, not the final product. Furthermore, while some children may zip through an art activity and consider their product “finished,” others may choose to spend a large block of time on a project, so art is made available during choice time when students have the freedom to move from center to center, we encourage students to participate in art daily, but sometimes they may choose not to and that is okay too.

Art Learning Outcomes:

  • Shows interest in art activities
  • Uses art materials in an appropriate way
  • Demonstrates small muscles control (grip of pencil, scissors)
  • Shows interest in drawing pictures to convey meaning

Physical Development:

It is critical that children be exposed to motivating and challenging movement experiences that promote the desire to engage in physical play as well as enhance fundamental motor skill development and health-related fitness. Through developmentally appropriate, planned physical play, children advance their skills and prepare for a lifetime of physical activity and healthy living. We plan activities which help students to advance motor development, positively impact their physical well- being, and improve children’s understanding in other content areas. Teachers lead children in song, dance and games like “Follow the Leader”, “Duck, Duck, Goose”, “Mr. Wolf”, “Simon Says” for example, games like these encourage movement, spatial awareness, cooperation, coordination and balance.

Physical Learning Outcomes:

  • Knows the body parts
  • Participates in physical activities
  • Demonstrate skills in activities (as jumping, running catching)
  • Understands and follows rules of simple games.