Pre-K & Kindergarten

Los Tigres & Los Leones 

PRE-KINDERGARTEN: AGE 4 (see below for kindergarten outcomes)

LITERACY
Vocabulary
-Engages in group discussions
-Responds to questions with appropriate answers
-Can tell a short make-believe story with some assistance
-Asks for the meaning of unfamiliar words

Phonological Awareness
-Begins to create songs and rhymes during group time, with assistance
-Can identify how many syllables are in a word
-Makes three or more letter- sound correspondences (e.g., identifies that “David,”“day,” and “dog” all begin with “d”
-Begins to identify ending sounds of words

Comprehension
-Can retell a familiar story using pictures or props
-Begins to identify beginning, middle, and end of a story
-Can make predictions about a story based on the pictures

Phonics/Textual Awareness
-Associates many letters with the sounds they make
-Knows the names of many letters
-Understands that writing moves from left to right and top to bottom

Decoding/Fluency
-Begins to blend together sounds, with assistance
-Begins to read a few basic CVC words, with assistance

WRITING
Fine Motor Skills
-Purposefully draws and writes using a four fingered grasp
-Uses scissors to cut straight lines, wavy lines, and circles

Representational Thought and Storytelling
-Begins to tell made-up stories featuring a beginning and an end, with at least one character
-Draws recognizable pictures of both real and pretend objects and events

Alphabet Knowledge
-Identifies letters to match spoken names
-Begins to use letters to represent objects and ideas (e.g. labels a picture of a cat with the letter “c”)

Writing Conventions|
-Prints or copies first name
-Writes some letters
-Attempts to copy words from print

Using Writing for Different Purposes
-Asks adults to write out rhymes to make a simple poem
-Makes letters and cards for peers and adults

MATH
1:1 Correspondence and Counting
-Can count to 20 with accuracy, touching each object only once while counting

Problem Solving
-Completes simple jigsaw puzzle independently
-Understands the causes certain objects or actions will have on other objects
-Begins to think of solutions abstractly before selecting which to try

Analytical Thinking
-Understands the concept of same and different
-Uses new information to complete an activity (e.g. reads about mixing colors, then tries it while painting)
-Understands that different clothing is used for different weather

Number Sense
-Identifies numerals 1-10
-Compares numbers to tell which is bigger
-Writes some numerals
-Can tell what number comes before or after each number, up to 20

Measurement/Ordering
-Increases understanding of duration (e.g. understands that an hour is longer than a minute)
-Creates, draws, and builds geometric shapes
-Creates patterns using a variety of objects
-Compares two objects based on measurable attributes (e.g. which is taller, longer, etc.)

SOCIAL STUDIES
History
-Establishes causal patterns between past, present, and future events, with assistance
-Uses phrases that suggest awareness of the past (e.g., “When I was a baby…”)

Geography
-Names street, neighborhood, city or town where he/she lives
-Understands physical relationships (e.g., on/ under, inside/outside)
-Recognizes where s/he is while traveling in familiar areas, most of the time
-Recognizes that roads have signs or names and houses and apartments have numbers to help identify locations

Community
-Recognizes some community workers and increases awareness of their jobs
-Pretends to be different community workers during play (e.g., grocery store clerk, construction worker, doctor, shoe salesperson)
-Recognizes that people have different communities (e.g., family, neighborhood, school, job)
-Shows a desire to help other people feel better

Culture
-Shows respect for similarities and differences (e.g., does not laugh at somebody who is different)
-Recognizes and celebrates similarities and differences between people of different cultures in his/ her circle of contact

SCIENCE
Collecting Information and Describing the World
-Uses standard tools appropriately to explore the environment (e.g. magnifiers, telescopes, etc.)
-Identifies and distinguishes between different senses
-Uses scientific vocabulary to describe the world (e.g. melts, floats, sinks, etc.)

Understanding Living Things
-Identifies things as living or non-living based on their characteristics (e.g., breathes, moves, grows)
-Demonstrates understanding of changes in the appearance, behavior, and habitats of living things (e.g., plants, spider webs

Questioning and Predicting
-Asks questions and finds the answers through active exploration
-Makes and tests predictions, noting whether the prediction was correct

KINDERGARTEN (AGE 5) LEARNING OUTCOMES

LITERACY
Vocabulary
-Participates in conversations about a variety of topics|
-Asks and answers open-ended questions
-Can tell a short make-believe story independently
-Can recount a recent event, using several details

Phonological Awareness
-Creates song or rhymes, with some assistance
-Identifies beginning, middle, and ending sounds of basic CVC words
-Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in a word
-Changes one sound in a word to create new words (e.g. “cat” becomes “hat”)

Comprehension
-Can retell a familiar story independently
-Identifies characters, setting, and main events of a story
-Asks and answers questions about a text
-Compares and contrasts two different stories, with assistance

Phonics/Textual Awareness
-Associates most letters with the sounds they make
-Knows the names of most letters
-Can name the vowels and, with assistance, both the long and short sounds of each
-Identifies common sight words

Decoding/Fluency
-Reads several CVC words smoothly and with ease
-Begins to read basic words with purpose and understanding
-Reads emergent-reader texts, with assistance

WRITING
Fine Motor Skills
-Purposefully draws and writes using a mature three fingered grasp
-Uses scissors to cut more complex shapes

Representational Thought and Storytelling

-Uses a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to tell a made-up story featuring a beginning, middle, and end, with at least one character

Alphabet Knowledge
-Writes most capital and lowercase letters
-Begins to capitalize names

Writing Conventions
-Writes words using invented spelling
-Asks how to spell difficult words
-Understand basic sentence structure

Using Writing for Different Purposes
-Records information while researching a topic in a book
-Writes simple poems and stories, with assistance

MATH
1:1 Correspondence and Counting
-Can count to 100 with accuracy, touching each object only once while counting
-Can skip count by 2s, 5s, and 10s
-Counts forward from a given number, instead of having to begin at 1

Problem Solving
-Solves basic addition and subtraction word problems, drawing pictures to help find solutions
-Compares the benefits and drawbacks of different solutions to a given problem
-Understands why an incorrect solution did not work

Analytical Thinking
-Applies information gained from a story, movie, or book to real life experiences
-Uses actions or words to justify choices
-Explains cause and effect relationships and uses information about these relationships to make predictions and conclusions about experiences

Number Sense
-Identifies numerals 1-100
-Can do simple addition and subtraction problems
-Compose and decompose numbers from 10-20 identifying tens and ones

Measurement/Ordering
-Identifies some coins
-Tells time to the hour and half hour
-Begins to measure using nonstandard units of measurement (e.g. “The classroom is as long as six books”)
-Describe measurable attributes of a given objects

SOCIAL STUDIES
History
-Understands family history (e.g. where parents were born, that parents and grandparents used to be children)
-Understands that there was a time before s/he was born
-Understands that people, communities, and the planet have changed over time

Geography
-Knows that s/he lives on a planet with many different countries
-Understands the purpose of a map
-Can follow a basic road map of his/her neighborhood
-Knows basic geographic structures, such as lakes, islands, mountains, jungles

Community
-Understands our responsibility to the community and finding ways that we can help make the community better
-Understands the necessary steps to take (process) in order to help others (beach clean ups, collecting plastic bags, recycling and other service projects)
-Understands the meaning of treating others fairly and being capable of practicing this behavior in their everyday life
-Understands the importance of sharing, manners and respecting rules

Culture
-Begins to develop awareness, knowledge, and appreciation of own culture
-Understands that culture is represented in many different ways (e.g. language, food, music, art)

SCIENCE
Collecting Information and Describing the World
-Comes to conclusions after adult-organized experiments
-Records information about experiences through writing, drawing, acting, etc.
-Makes simple observations about the characteristics and movement of the sun, moon, stars, and clouds

Understanding Living Things
-Describes characteristics of plants, animals, and people (e.g., “That tree grew really tall!”)
-Identifies what things need to live
-Asks questions about growth and change in plants and animals
-Demonstrates understanding of how things grow and change

Questioning and Predicting
-Understands how to formulate a question
-Can come up with a method to test out a hypothesis, with support from an adult
-Understands the basic principles of the scientific method