Preschool

Los Ositos (ages 18 months – 3 years) Learning Outcomes

LITERACY
Vocabulary
AGE 1
-Understands verbal directions
-Follows along with classroom routine

AGE 2
-Uses new words in everyday experiences
-Begins to put together 2-3 word sentences

AGE 3
-Uses multiple words to explain ideas
-Begins to ask questions
-Engages in conversations about thoughts and ideas

Phonological Awareness
AGE 1
-Requests a favorite song or rhyme
-Participates in rhyming songs and games during group time

AGE 2
-Recites parts of a favorite song or rhyme
-Can complete a favorite song or rhyme by providing the last word
-Begins to hear rhyming sounds, with assistance
-Imitates tempo and speed of sound (fast, slow, high, low, loud, quiet, etc.)

AGE 3
-Identifies rhyming words in stories and songs
-Claps out the syllables of a word
-Begins to identify the beginning sound of familiar words, such as names

Comprehension
AGE 1
-Requests a favorite story
-Shows emotional response to stories (e.g. laughs at a funny part)

AGE 2
-Begins to recall parts of a familiar story
-Begins to describe pictures in a familiar book
-Anticipates what comes next in a familiar story

AGE 3
-Can retell a familiar story with some assistance
-Begins to follow the sequence of a story
-Identifies major characters in a story

Phonics/Textual Awareness
AGE 1
-Pretends to read books

AGE 2
-Begins to notice letters and text in environment (e.g. points to words in a book)

AGE 3
-Begins to associate a few letters with the sounds they make, especially in own name
-Recognizes some environmental print (common signs and logos)

Decoding/Fluency
AGE 2
-Identifies first letter of own name

AGE 3
-Understands that letters make up words in print
-Identifies own name in print

WRITING
Fine Motor Skills

AGE 1
-Scribbles using the whole palm, thumb up
-Turns book pages using fingers and thumbs

AGE 2
-Purposefully draws using the whole palm, thumb down
-Uses fingers, hands, and wrists to flatten and roll playdough
-Begins to dress self

AGE 3
-Purposefully draws and begins to write using a five finger grasp
-Opens and closes scissors
-Eats neatly with utensils

Representational Thought and Storytelling
AGE 1
-Engages in dramatic play, such as pretend cooking or dress-up

AGE 2
-Takes on pretend roles, such as baby, taxi driver, dog, etc.
-Begins to draw pictures of real world objects (pictures may not be recognizable by others)

AGE 3
-Engages in complex dramatic play, using props and incorporating other people into play
-Draws recognizable figures, such as faces or suns

Alphabet Knowledge
AGE 1
-Notices both words and pictures in a book

AGE 2
-Labels pictures with scribbles
-Points to text while adult is reading
-Begins to represent real world objects in drawings (e.g. Draws on paper and calls it a cat)

AGE 3
-Knows the difference between printed letters and drawings
-Attempts to copy one or more letters (may not look correct)
-Labels drawings with letter-like marks

Writing Conventions
AGE 1
-Scribbles on paper purposefully
-Uses a variety of writing-drawing materials

AGE 2
-Imitates horizontal and vertical lines
-Pretends to write on paper, without regard to direction or location

AGE 3
-Draws basic geometric shapes
-Uses pretend writing during play

Using Writing for Different Purposes
AGE 1
-Asks adult to label pictures

AGE 2
-Uses pictures and scribbles to make lists, letters, etc.
-Recognizes some environmental print (e.g. brands and logos)

AGE 3
-Uses letter-like symbols to make lists, letters, stories, etc.
-Copies some environmental print
-Tells stories and asks adults to write them out

MATH
1:1 Correspondence and Counting
AGE 1
-Rote counts to five
-Identifies one or two objects

AGE 2
-Begins to match sets of objects (for example, puts one cup at each plate while setting a table)
-Begins to count to five, touching each object only once, with some assistance

AGE 3
-Can count to 10 with accuracy, touching each object only once while counting

Problem Solving
AGE 1
-Attempts several solutions to solve a problem
-Completes simple pegboard puzzles

AGE 2
-Uses trial and error to solve problems
-Attempts to solve problems independently before asking for help

AGE 3
-Completes simple jigsaw puzzle with assistance
-Modifies actions based on previous experiences (e.g. tries a different order in block structure after previous structure falls)

Analytical Thinking
AGE 1
-Imitates behavior of others during play
-Makes choices when given several options

AGE 2
-Searches in several locations for a person or object
-Generalizes ideas based on past experiences (e.g. blows on hot food after watching an adult blow on a hot beverage)

AGE 3
-Compares different experiences, with some adult assistance
-Uses comparative words, such as faster, bigger, heavier

Number Sense
AGE 1
-Understands the concept of one vs. many

AGE 2
-Understands that numbers represent quantity (e.g. can retrieve three blocks)

AGE 3
-Names some written numerals
-Understands the concept of zero

Measurement/Ordering
AGE 1
-Understands basic measurement concepts, such as big, small, tall, short, etc.
-Dumps and fills containers during independent play
-Matches simple shapes

AGE 2
-Compares objects to see which is bigger
-Uses measuring tools in play
-Labels simple shapes
-Sorts objects by one characteristic (e.g. all red items)

AGE 3
-Estimates size (e.g. “I’m as tall as the bookshelf”)
-Creates and copies simple shapes
-Imitates basic patterns using colors or shapes

SOCIAL STUDIES
History
AGE 1
-Anticipates recurring events in typical routines (“After I eat lunch, I will hear a story.”)

AGE 2
-Connects new experiences to past experiences
-Experiments with general terms related to the elements of time (e.g. “Today we are going to Grandma’s.”)

AGE 3
-Uses time-related words and concepts (e.g., first/last, morning/ night, yesterday/today), though not always accurately
-Gives simple accounts of what happened that day

Geography
AGE 1
-Distinguishes between near and far
– Recognizes own house when approaching
-Recognizes familiar buildings (e.g., school, restaurant, library)

AGE 2
-Experiments with physical relationships (e.g., on/ under, inside/outside)
-Shows interest in investigating geography tools (e.g. map, compass, globe)
-Distinguishes different environments by the people or signs that are a part of that environment (e.g., see pictures of fish and says, “They live in water.”)

AGE 3
-Uses words to indicate direction, position, and size, not always accurately
-Creates representations of locations and space during play (e.g., builds steep mountain road in sandbox)
– Develops awareness of some characteristics of own geographic region (e.g., “It rains/snows here a lot.”)

Community
AGE 1
-Identifies the possessions of other children
-Shows interest in peers by including them in play, referring to them by name
-Begins to take turns, with adult guidance

AGE 2
-Recognizes that different people have different roles and jobs in the community
-Functions as a member of classroom community
-Shows interest in community workers (e.g., garbage collector, mail carrier, doctor)
-Labels own emotions

AGE 3
-Identifies people by characteristics other than name, when asked
-Names a parent’s job (e.g., nurse, plumber, farmer), but may not know what parent actually does at the job
-Shows awareness of other people’s emotions

Culture
AGE 1
-Enjoys poems, stories, and songs about a variety of people and cultures

AGE 2
– Displays knowledge of basic concepts of own heritage and background (e.g., shows pictures or objects from home)

AGE 3
-Asks questions about other children’s appearance and behavior
-Asks questions about similarities and differences in other people (e.g., language, hair styles, clothing)

SCIENCE
Collecting Information and Describing the World
AGE 1
-Uses senses to explore people, animals, and objects
-Interacts with a variety of textures, sounds, smells, etc.

AGE 2
-Identifies similarities and differences in objects and environment
-Makes observations about natural environment
-Identifies weather
-Identifies earth’s materials (e.g. water, dirt, sun, rocks, etc.)

AGE 3
-Identifies different properties of materials (e.g. hot, cold, wet, dry)
-Uses nonstandard tools to explore the environment (e.g. uses sticks to pick up insects)
-Participates in experiments organized by adults
-Investigates properties of rocks, dirt, and water
-Recognizes and provides simple descriptions of states of matter (e.g. water is wet)

Understanding Living Things
AGE 1
-Can name a few animals

AGE 2
-Explores and investigates physical properties of living and nonliving things
-Comments on what it takes to make things grow (e.g. plants need water)

AGE 3
-Notices similarities, differences, and categories of plants and animals

Questioning and Predicting
AGE 1
-Freely explores environment with curiosity
– Can answer an adult’s yes or no question about what will happen during an activity (e.g. do you think the

AGE 2
-Asks simple questions about the natural world
-Observes and/or manipulates objects and events to answer simple questions about the natural world
– Makes guesses based on past experience

AGE 3
-Demonstrates curiosity about the natural environment by asking “why” questions (e.g., “Why is the grass green?”)
– Makes predictions and generalizations based on past experience